psychology, social science, anxiety

Psychological skills training (PST) refers to a systematic and consistent practice of mental or psychological skills for enhancing performance, increasing enjoyment, or achieving greater sport and physical activity or self-satisfaction. Athletes should understand the basics. The optimal performance ability accrues under moderate stress/tension/ pressure. An athlete performs the best under medium levels of stress /tension / pressure, but when the stress / tension/ pressure is high or low, then the stress / tension/ pressure does not help the athlete. Every athlete should know the difference between Arousal and Anxiety because these are different states.


Arousal Is a general physiological and psychological state of activation and the ability to react to stimuli. This state varying on a continuum from deep sleep to intense excitement. Arousal activates the autonomic nervous system and endocrine system, which can be leading to increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, a state of sensory attention, sweating, movement, and willingness to respond to any effect. Also, not all cortical arousals or their consequences are the same. Trusted Source 

Usually, it’s good to have arousal during a workout, but this state shouldn’t continue to a long time after a workout, because that can lead to health issues because for example long term high pressure is not good for health. remember that you should control your Arousal.

Anxiety (Anxiety) is an uncontrollable negative emotional state such as nervousness, worry, irrational, hesitation, stupidity, disorder. Usually, it’s difficult to communicate with people who have anxiety, because they change their thinking from minute to minute, and they are bad in decision making. There are also many serious medical conditions. That is associated with anxiety such as heart disease or diabetes, that’s why called a mental disorder or Anxiety disorder. This state is uncontrollable and takes a little while. when this state takes a long time then can lead to depression.


Treating Stress, psychology, social science

Depression is a condition, in which a person feels unmotivated, weak, discouraged, unable to do actions alone, sad, feels lonely, hopeless, unsocial, or disinterested in life in general. people especially athletes should be aware of their psychological state. Because performance can be influenced even by motivation. There is an inner and an outer motive that drives the athlete to sport. If the sporting challenge is carried out, to accommodate curiousness, joy, or knowledge, then the driving force is considered to have an inner motive.


The highest degree of self-determination is mental goals. Which are stimulating emotions and personal development? All of these are inner motives while outer motives. Are the focus on money, travel, cars, and reward. For example, when athletes improve the number of push-ups, they can do regardless of how they rate against others. The reward is a good motive, but what Not to Do! many coaches try to motivate their athletes through, fear, threats, and criticisms. Although these methods are, often effective in the short term. that could be negative in the long term. Athletes usually have three different levels of goals. The first level of goals is result goals. The second level of goals is the performance goals. The third level of goals is the process goals. Result goals mean focusing on external factors. Such as medals, money, cars, etc. Performance goals mean that the athlete strives to surpass himself by breaking his own record, etc. Process goals mean placing more focus on actual behavior or performance, which can be interpreted as long-term performance goals.

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