Carbohydrates have different types, there are simple and compound carbohydrates, like simple sugars, which are Monosaccharides which consist of a monomer such as glucose, Galactose, and fructose. There are complex sugars, Disaccharide which consist of two monomers. Trisaccharide’s consist of three Monosaccharides. Besides, Polysaccharides (dietary fibre) consist of many monomers.
According to the Nordic Council of Ministers (2014), Carbohydrates give health effects and it affects the body differently by the type of carbohydrate and nutrient source. The Carbohydrate intake should be between 45-60% and the intake of dietary fibre for adults should be at least 25-35 g per day or about three g / MJ. For children, two to three g / MJ is recommended, and the intake should be increased by age until reaching adulthood.
The recommended Carbohydrates which inhibit chronic diseases are those found in fruits, legumes, whole grains, vegetables, seeds, and nuts. Also, fiber can reduce the risk of constipation, counteract colon cancer, vascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, and maintain body weight. However, sugar should be used sparingly, it should be less than 10% of the total Carbohydrate absorption.
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