Marijuana or cannabis usage has been increased rapidly. Millions of people are driving under the influence of marijuana. Marijuana is the most common illicit substance used in the western and the US, and the rate of usage is increasing day by day. Marijuana can be used as a medicine, vegetables, beverages, spices, food, as well as smoking.
What is marijuana plants
Marijuana or cannabis are all the same plant species, marijuana plants contain more than 400 secondary metabolites. The most bioactive metabolites are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) which have many positive health effects on the human body. As well as, terpenoids, which are responsible for the aroma of cannabis, and flavonoids. Furthermore, many of these metabolites can have antagonist, additive, or synergistic properties.
Marijuana or cannabis as smoking
When marijuana is smoked the THC and other metabolites in the plant pass from the lungs into the bloodstream. When the metabolites reach the brain. The person begins to experience effects almost immediately. Many people experience a pleasant, euphoria, and sense of relaxation as well as increased appetite.
Marijuana or cannabis as a food
When marijuana or cannabis are consumed in foods or beverages or spices. The effects of the metabolites will delay from 30-60 minutes because the metabolites must first pass through the digestive system.
Marijuana or cannabis as medicine
Marijuana or cannabis offers many opportunities for supportive and palliative care in cancer. Cannabis has the potential to modulate symptoms of cancer and its treatments. Even it can modulate the symptoms of nausea and vomiting, pain, and loss of appetite.
There is also evidence that marijuana can help to treat chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, gastrointestinal distress, mood, and sleep disorders, treatment-related cognitive impairment, anxiety, depression, and fatigue. Adverse effects of cannabis are documented but tend to be mild. Cannabis has multifaceted potential bioactive benefits that appear to outweigh its risks in many situations.
Cannabis will have a large role in medicine over the next decade. That’s why clinicians should stay up-to-date with elucidating the mechanism of action of cannabis, and the regulations and guidelines of use.