1. Brain-Atrophy-by-Astrakos-Alexander - Public Health
Cerebral atrophy or Brain atrophy symptoms and causes
Cerebral atrophy or brain atrophy is a brain disease that refers to the wasting of brain tissue and nerve cells. When nerve cells and brain cells die, the body loses functions and that leads to death. The adult human brain contains about 85-86 billion neurons. To maintain these cells, we need to eat enough healthy fat and protein. Cerebral Atrophy means a decrement in the size of the cell or loss whole or part of it. That happens due to the progressive loss of cytoplasmic proteins and libido. That leads to a loss of neurons and the connections between them. That can cause loss of the voluntary processes and the processes of thinking and concentration.
Symptoms of Cerebral Atrophy or Brain Atrophy
This disease associated with people who have Dementia, language disorders such as aphasia. As well as lack of concentration and impairment of the memory and the intellectual function. It is associated also with the imbalance and difficultly in speech and language, inability to learn, and memory loss. As well as the expression and the choosing of the right words and phrases.
Causes of Atrophy of The Brain
There are many causes, such as disease of the immune system, inflammation in the brain, strokes which are the main causes brain atrophy, Drugs misuse, an infection in the brain or spinal cord, Alzheimer’s disease, beck’s disease, tooth disease, cerebral palsy also causes atrophy and damage to brain cells, the genetic disease of Huntington causes the atrophy of the brain, multiple sclerosis causes atrophy in the brain, epilepsy causes atrophy and damage to brain cells, genetic causes which may be transmitted by the mother during the pregnancy due to a shortage of oxygen and food to the child in the mother’s womb, brain injury, and Homocysteine. As well as may poor sleep quality, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, obesity, smoking, and alcohol cause brain atrophy.
How to Diagnose the Cerebral Atrophy or Brain Atrophy
To diagnose cerebral atrophy, you should contact a neurological doctor. If you get a positive result, then you should contact a health coach or dietetics. Most of Dr do not know about nutrition. So it’s important to talk to dietetics to find the appropriate diet.
Is There Any Food or a Vitamin That Stops The Death of Brain Cells?
Yes, there is a special food that can stop the death of cells. The new German study, published in the journal cell reports, found that a form of vitamin B3 called nicotinamide riboside preserves brain cells by improving the function of their energy centers, called mitochondria. According to the study’s author, Dr. Michele Delide Nicotinamide Riboside stimulates metabolism and gives energy to brain-damaged neurons to protect them from dementia and death “.
Vitamin B3 is found in many foods, such as turkey, chicken, salmon, tuna, beef, sardines, peanuts, shrimps. Other good sources include eggplants, avocados, dates, potatoes, mushrooms, peas, and green soybeans.
Another study published in July 2015 in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition entitled “Brain atrophy in cognitively impaired elderly: they talked about the importance of long-chain ω-3 fatty acids and B vitamin status in a randomized controlled trial” found that Vitamin B-6 and B-12 should be taken with omega 3 fatty acids to limit the atrophy. As we see brain cells need healthy fatty acids, some minerals, and vitamins, that’s why a healthy diet can fit the needs.
To improve your fitness and lose weight at the same time and do something more exciting than jogging on a treadmill to keep you motivated, perhaps you should consider doing a martial art like boxing, or kickboxing. In the last years, martial arts training is being used in cardio workouts for fitness and weight loss by personal trainers and coaches. Martial art training such as kickboxing is typically high intensity and usually lasts for at least an hour in most cases. High-intensity training requires much energy and oxygen and that can push the body to build up more mitochondria, and as we know that mitochondria are the fat-burning machine in our cells in the muscles. So, the more mitochondria we have, the more fat we will burn. Kickboxing can help burns a maximum number of kilojoules or calories per workout and therefore it is great for anyone who wants to lose weight fast. According to Chaabene, Tabben, Mkaouer, Franchini, and Negra “High-level male and female boxers show a propensity for low body fat levels” study shows also that elite-level male boxers are characterized by a higher proportion of mesomorph body type with a well-developed muscle mass and a low body fat level.
Kickboxing and cardiovascular fitness and endurance
Kickboxing maintains repetitive high-intensity actions and improves Cardiovascular ﬁtness. Cardiovascular fitness improvements require us to regularly elevate our heart rate for extended periods and most kickboxing training can help us do that.
Kickboxing Improving the strength and power
To improve or maintain muscle strength so muscles require us to regularly subject them to some form of resistance training or force. Kickboxing has to do with a force more than resistance training. Heavy resistance training can help us to activate more motor unite, but force training helps us to generate more power. To understand the case let’s look at this example. In physics, a force is any interaction that, when unopposed, will change the motion of an object. A force can cause an object with mass to change its velocity. Force can also be described intuitively as a push or a pull. (F=m.a), F= force, m is the invariant mass, and A is the acceleration.
Kickboxing Improving the strength and power
Some weight lifter who trains resistance training at the gym they may get their maximal strength, and may they can’t add more weight in their training and they stay at the same weigh for a long time and they can’t add more. Here is the best way for them to add more force and jump to a new weight. The key factor here is the acceleration, when acceleration increase then the force will increase according to the low. In sports science when the movement depends on the acceleration then it called ballistic movement. Now we should know that we can get strength not only from resistance training but also from ballistic movements. Why the ballistic movement? because the ballistic movement depends on acceleration. Boxing and kicking are the same as ballistic movements such as throwing iron balls.
Kickboxing Improving our bones density
Bones get more density when we subject them to some form of resistance training or force
The difference in Bone-Density
Kickboxing Improving the flexibility
When we are kicking and boxing our body temperature get high and that can help us to stretch the muscles easily
kickboxing helps us in self-defence
One of the most obvious benefits of doing kickboxing is that it provides us with the fitness, power, strength, skills, flexibility and techniques necessary to protect ourselves from being attacked by others who are out to harm us.
kickboxing helps us in self-confidence
kickboxing provides us a high degree of self-confidence. This self-confidence partly results from the knowledge and skills that we earned during training and interaction with others.
kickboxing improves body balance and coordination
Task coordination skills are acquired and improved under dual-task practice conditions, but not when practicing each task in isolation under single-task practice conditions (Hirst et al., 1980; Kramer et al., 1995; Strobach et al., 2014) that means kickboxing is better than only boxing for coordination improvement.
Performing two-component tasks simultaneously at the same time (i.e., dual tasks) can be extremely difficult but this difficulty is often reduced after practice. For example, if we kick with one leg and punching with tow arms at the same time, it will be difficult to perform it for the first time, but by practice, it will be easy. Under the practice, you will notice that you perform it with bad balance but when you get full control of the coordination of the movement then balance will be improved.
The cerebellum, in the back of the brain, controls balance, coordination, and fine muscle control. Uncoordinated movement is due to a muscle control problem that causes an inability to coordinate movements. Kickboxing helps us to use many elements together and control these elements during movement. During kicking and boxing, many muscles work together and that can improve our coordination.
kickboxing is inexpensive
Doing kickboxing is inexpensive because you don’t need many tools the only you need is Boxing Gloves, Mouth Guard, Shin Guards, Ankle Support Wraps (optional), Headgear, Hand Wraps. Most people train home or with friends and that makes kickboxing inexpensive compared to joining some gyms and hiring some personal trainers.
Doing Kickboxing has a social aspect
Instead of training at the gym with weight, bar, stone, and dumbbells, you can train boxing with friends or family. People can talk but gym equipment doesn’t do that.
Improve the nervoussystem
The central nervous system (CNS) driven by the brain and the spinal, Nervous system controls the body by billions of nerve cells called neurons. The central nervous system is divided into two parts: parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems. The parasympathetic nervous system supports your autonomic functions like breathing, metabolic rates, controls senses, and memories. Also, it controls the way we move, the words we talk, and how we think and learn, and so on. The sympathetic system activates what is often termed the fight or flight response. During practicing kickboxing, our bodies work as a whole unit and that can activate the Nervous system hardly by using feeling, muscles, thinking, and that can increase the connection between nerve cells.
Kickboxing Reduce Stress
One of the major benefits of kickboxing is to reduce stress, kickboxing can help increase the release of endorphins in your body. Endorphins hormones secreted within the brain and nervous system and having several physiological functions. Endorphins provide feelings of euphoria and make us feel good by inhibiting pain signals.
Size and shape
Kickboxing providing better shape because helps in burning fat and building muscles.
As a result of providing all of these fitness benefits. The best way to burn body fat during exercise and get the maximal effect of the aerobic capacity is to raise the heartbeat to the 70 % of the maximal heart capacity, to calculate the maximal heartbeat, you should subtract from the number 220, your actual age. Then you should multiple the difference with 70 % (0,70) for example a 30 years man wants to train with capacity 70% of a heartbeat. For example 220 – 30 = 90 => 90 . 0,70 = 133 beat.
According to Johansson the word protein used for the first time in history, by the Swedish chemist Jöns Jakob. He took it and designed it from proteios in the Greek language which means primarily.
Why are proteins important?
Protein is the building blocks for the body’s structure, and every gram of protein contains 4 calories. There are about 100,000 different kinds of protein chains in a human body, these are made up of 20 different amino acids, 9 of them are essential, must come from food sources, because the body can’t make them. Protein contributes to bones, muscles, brain arteries and veins, heart, liver, kidneys, lungs skin, hair, fingernails, connective tissue, cell membranes are built of tissue made of proteins.
Protein types– fibrous and globular proteins
There are two main types of proteins fibrous and globular proteins, fibrous protein is filamentous, strong, insoluble in water. Available in hair, skin, nails, tendons, and muscles. Globular protein is spherical look like a globe, water-soluble, can be transported with the blood, play many biological roles, including acting as enzymes, hormones, antibodies, immunoglobulins, and transport molecules. hemoglobin is an example of a globular protein found in red blood cells. Protein is a building material in cells, the protein makes up about 96% of the red blood cells, help carry the oxygen, About 50% of one cell consist of protein, protein is biologically active in the body, a protein used to build enzymes and hormones, even an antibody shaped of protein which is also known as an immunoglobulin.
The best source of protein
Protein is the building material for the body and the amount of protein in the food can vary depending on the protein variety and their biological value and their ability to be absorbed in the intestine. According to the Nordic Council of Ministers (2014) not all proteins in the body are oxidized after the meal, some amino acids are excreted in urine and the biological value of protein in pulses food is 78% while animal products have 97%. The best source of protein depends on the purpose and body’s status, for example, people who have kidney problems shale eat egg white, another example, the best source of protein for a healthy bodybuilder is beef.
The recommended protein intake
Protein intake for adults and children from 2 years of age should be between 10-20% of the total energy intake. The daily needs of protein for athletes are about twice compared with inactive. Less than 1.6 g multiplied by body weight can lead to negative nitrogen balance in athletes. Moreover, insufficient protein can impair the immune system and T-cell systems.
Proteins can be denatured (denature = proteins changes shape and properties) denaturing can be done via,
-Solvents, we know that the protein consists of hydrophobic / hydrophilic parts, so it is obvious that a protein changes its form depends on the solvents if solvents are polar or apolar.
– pH, Protein charge ratio depending on pH- (potential of hydrogen)
-Temperature, Increased temperature causes increased molecular motion => the protein is broken up.
For example, the protein in the raw egg has a concentrated shape, when we cock the egg, the egg turns to be bigger, that happens because of the changes that happened due the denaturing. The protein in the egg after cocking is randomly structured and the shape and properties are not the same before cocking. Another example, when you mix the egg white in a mixer then tend to be bigger and change the color, that happens due to denaturing.
Does our stomach denature the raw protein?
Our stomach is filled with gastric acid, the pH- acidity value of gastric acid is different from person to person between 1.5 to 3.5, acidity. Denaturing the protein need low pH acidity 1,5 – 2,0, because that can help in denaturing the protein and activates the pepsin’s ability to digest protein. People who have acidity value over 2,0 find it difficult to denature the protein and can’t provide effective protection against bacterial infections. Those people should eat acidic food as Limon to decrease the pH- value
Why should we eat protein?
Proteins are in a constant state of breaking down, repair, and rebuilding. That can make the body in need of a constant supply of the amino acids. Not all proteins we eat can be digested, the body lose constantly proteins from the blood through urine. Protein also essential for most of the functions of human physiology and play an important role in almost all important metabolic, structural, and physiological processes in the body.