Obesity and Overweight is a Social Problem

Health, Health Guide, Nutrition guide, Obesity and Overweight is a Social Problem

Obesity and overweight rate among adolescents, in the last decades, have been increased. World Health Organization (WHO) (2017) stated in a report on ending childhood obesity that 216 million children were overweight. In addition, obesity among children between five to 19 years of age has increased from 11 million in 1975 to 124 million in 2016 worldwide. The report stated also that, overweight and obesity in early childhood. Can affect a child’s health and the quality of life. Furthermore, children with obesity are very likely to remain obese as adults and are at risk of developing serious non-communicable diseases. Moreover, Hohman et al. (2011); Dietz (1998) overweight and obesity increase the risk for social discrimination, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, type two diabetes, and obesity later in adulthood.

Moreover, in a study conducted in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) by Awofeso, Imam, and Ahmed. (2019) found that the obesogenicity of an environment is very important for adolescents’ choices and eating habits. The obesogenicity defined according to Lake and Townshend (2006) as the sum of influences that could promote obesity in individuals such as the surroundings, opportunities, and conditions of life. Thus, obesity is not only a significant health problem but also, a social problem. Surrounding is the main factor that could affect the opportunities and conditions. That is why shaping the environment has a potential effect on health because that can support healthful decisions. The surrounding must be screened by someway and that’s why parents have the potential to be a key aspect of a successful obesity prevention intervention.

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Home Environment Is Essential for Developing Healthy Eating Habits

Health, Health Guide, Nutrition topics, Home Environment Is Essential for Developing Healthy Eating Habits
1. Home-Environment - Public Health     

How can parents or other family members structure home environments in order to help the child develop healthy eating habits?

The pathway of the life course is effected often by many involved factors. Such as the society, the neighborhood, the family, the individual, the area, the cellular levels, the physiological and psychological aspect. As well as ultimately the social exposures. According to Ben-Shlomo, Mishra, and Kuh (2014) life course epidemiologists explain how a father’s social class in childhood may affect the biological functions and the development of the adults. That means we must be careful about our children and understand that bad social exposure can affect negatively the health of our children, especially in puberty.

According to Backett, Wills, Roberts, and Lawton (2010); Albon (2005) controlling the child’s sweet-eating behavior and focusing on a varied diet could develop healthy eating habits. Even Lovell (2016) mentioned that we should focus on early childhood because that time is a sensitive time that may impact food choices later in life. As well as promoting healthy fatty food, providing fruits and vegetables, and limiting unhealthy food. Moreover, vilifies obesity and exalts thinness.

The family should get inspired by a health advisor about health and nutritional information. That is because that can promote healthy eating habits for children and adolescents. A parent should apply the health and nutrition information at home with their children, by using creativity and fun tricks, as well as by promoting resilience and being a role model, because imitation could help. Parents should examine the mealtime structure, the mealtime process, the child-eating response, and mealtime etiquette (Lovell, 2016).

Health, Health Guide, Nutrition topics, Home Environment Is Essential for Developing Healthy Eating Habits

Home Environment

 

What do you think are the greatest barriers to structuring home environments for healthy eating? 

The barriers that can structure the home environment are social and cultural conditions, especially with lack of control, family conditions affect eating practices and routines, also sociocultural circumstances were individuals in the society get shaped by shared past and present knowledge. Even there is an association between healthier eating practices and higher socioeconomic status Backett et al. (2010).

Motivation is not enough, moving from motivation to action could help much more. Also, parental values could affect the home environment. Parental values stand for the identity that parents are caring about, which usually are impacted by personal thoughts and feelings. Furthermore, the perception they receive from public sources, selective services, and education. Which include all such internet, books, magazine, Tv, and advertisement. As well as when parents, grandparents or friends undermine their rules over the children’s eating habits (Lovell, 2016).

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Childhood Obesity Prevention Strategies +37

Health, Health Guide, Nutrition

Obesity Prevention Strategies presented by Astrakos’ society for public health, in this episode, we will teach you the childhood obesity prevention strategies, and how to secure your family from obesity, and what are the main factors that lead to it.

Usually, the pathway of life course effected often, by many involved factors, such as society, neighborhood, family, the individual, area, the cellular levels, the physiological and psychological aspect, as well as, the social exposures.

 

Recently life course epidemiologists explain how a father’s social class, in childhood, may affect the biological functions and the development of the adults. That means we must be careful about our children and understand that the bad social exposures, can affect negatively the health of our children, especially in puberty.

According to the world health organization, Everybody, less than 18 years of age, has the right of the child and considered as a child. That was adopted by the convention on the rights of the Child.

 

Childhood is the primary stage of life. What we eat, and do in childhood, has a big effect on adulthood life. Obesity is not only caused by food, but also by social aspects. Obesity rates have increased dramatically over the world in the last 30 years, the World Health Organization is raising the awareness about overweight, and obesity. Due to the increased number of obesity among children. In 2016, an estimated 42 million children under the age of 5, were overweight, or obese. Almost three-quarters of these, live in Asia and Africa. Overweight and obesity in early childhood, increase the risk for social discrimination, sleep apnea, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and obesity later in life.

 

Astrakos report is presenting a comprehensive and integrated package, of recommendations, to guide families to address childhood obesity. To create, healthy eating practices, and habits, to prevent obesity among children worldwide. Here we will summarize some key of actions, that are directed to the parents.

Childhood Obesity Prevention Strategies

Parents should promote the intake of healthy foods, which is rich in unsaturated fats, and omega 3, also food should be free from sugars or salt. Parents should also, reduce the intake of unhealthy foods at home.

 

The unhealthy foods are the foods, which are high in saturated fatty acids, trans- fats, and sugar-sweetened beverages, as well as the energy-dense foods, which have lots of calories per serving. The calories may come from protein, fat, or carbohydrates.

 

Inform your child, about childhood overweight and obesity, and tell l them about, the consequences of that on health and well-being.

 

Increase access to healthy foods at home.

 

Update your health information always, to get an effective prevention guide, of childhood obesity through the consumption of a healthy diet throughout the life course.

 

Ensure that nutrition information and guidelines for adolescents and children are delivered to adolescents and children in a simple, understandable, and, accessible manner.

 

Reduce the exposure of children and adolescents, to the power of the marketing of unhealthy foods.

 

Control the OBESOGENIC ENVIRONMENT, which promotes high energy intake, and sedentary behavior. This includes the foods, that are available, affordable, accessible, and promoted.

 

Control the physical activity opportunities, and the social norms, concerning food, and physical activity

 

Develop nutrient profiles, to identify unhealthy foods and beverages

 

Guide caregivers, on appropriate nutrition, diet, and portion size.

 

Implement comprehensive programs, that promote physical activity, and reduce sedentary behaviors in children and adolescents

 

Promote healthy lifestyles, for young children through promoting physical activity, because physical activity, is known to reduce the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancers.

 

Improve children’s ability to learn their mental health, and well-being. Childhood experience can influence lifelong by physical activity behaviors.

 

Promote the benefits of physical activity.

 

Provide guidance to children and adolescents, on healthy body size, physical activity, sleep behaviors, and appropriate use of screen-based entertainment.

 

Pregnancy is a very critical pathway for child obesity. The risk of obesity can be passed from one generation to the next, because, maternal health, can influence fetal development, and the risk of a child becoming obese.

 

The care, that women receive before during, and after pregnancy, has profound implications for the later health, and development of their children.

 

Diagnose and manage hyperglycemia, and gestational hypertension.

 

Promote a varied diet with all macro and micronutrients.

 

Promote plant-based foods such as vegetables, fruit, potatoes, whole grain products.

 

Ensure that diet and nutrition counseling is included in antenatal care.

 

Avoid the use of and exposure to tobacco, alcohol, drugs, and other toxins.

 

Provide guidance on and support for, healthy diet, sleep, and physical activity, in early childhood, to ensure that children grow appropriately, and develop healthy habits.

 

Including the breastfeeding, for the first six months of life, because breastfeeding is the core for optimizing infant development.

 

Work on early detection, and management of obesity and its associated complications.

 

Address health nutrition for weight management

 

Give psychosocial support. The mental health needs of children who are overweight or obese are crucial, including issues of stigmatization and bullying, need to be given special attention.

 

Obesity can be increased by, the physical environment, such as proximity to grocery stores, vending machines, and access to school food and drink.

 

Share with your child the foods that contribute to healthy diets, if it is not consumed in appropriate amounts.

 

Use social media to provide guidance on and support for a healthy diet. Studies have been shown that social media is a perfect way to influence your child.

 

As a caregiver, be the con-founder that affects the association, not the mediator.

 

Consider that adolescents will tend to eat the foods, that are available, affordable, accessible, and promoted.

 

Parents could affect the adolescents’ food choices by the same tools, that have been applied to the adolescents, which is social media.

 

Obesity leads to bullying, and harassment, oppositional defiant disorder and, conduct disorder.

 

Improve the availability of mechanisms for purchasing foods from farms.

 

Plan a physical education at least two times a week.

 

Improve access to outdoor activity.

 

Stay in touch with the healthcare center.

 

This was a presentation of the 37 key of actions, of Astrakos alexanders’ report, after reading all these keys, we on astrakos’ society we confirm that motivation is not enough, moving from motivation to actions could help much more. Also, we focus on parents, because parental values could affect the home environment, Parental values stand for the identity, that parents are caring, which usually impacted by personal thoughts and feeling. Furthermore, the perception that family receive from the public sources, selective services and education which include all, such as, internet, books, magazine, TV, and advertisement, as well as when parents, grandparents or friends undermine their rules over the children’s eating

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Parenting Plan with 18 Positive Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication Tips

Parenting Teamwork Plan with Positive Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication

The family should be as unity, togetherness is important, especially during times of disease and distress. Teamwork leads to success, continuously, consistency, and happiness. These 18 tips should help you to reinforce your desire to promote keeping the family together as a unity.

Parenting Plan

18 steps to secure the relationship between children and family

Achieve positive and respectful relationships among family members.

Promote intimacy through words and actions.

Share feelings and experiences such as pain and sadness, as well as happiness and love, hard work, and humor.

The relationships between children and family are important for lots of reasons:

It makes the children feel secure and beloved, which helps their brains to develop due to less stress and well sleeping and eating.

It helps to solve problems and resolve the conflict between family members.

listen to your children if they want to talk about something troubling and help them find a way through the problem.

Steps to secure the relationship between children and family through positive verbal communication.

 

Positive verbal communication

Talk and share a laugh. For example, during family meals.

Have one-on-one chats with each family member to strengthen individual relationships. It can just be five minutes before each child goes to bed.

Educate them about sex, drugs, alcohol, and smoking.

Positive communication, listen to each other, listening without judgment

Show appreciation, love, and encouragement through words and affection. This can be as simple as saying ‘I love you’ to your children each night when they go to bed.

Steps to secure the relationship between children and family by positive non-verbal communication.

 

Positive non-verbal communication

Be aware of the non-verbal messages you send. For example, hugs, kisses, and eye contact send the message that you want to be close to your child.

Try to be the same and adapt to your children, because they get angry when they see their partner has different values, beliefs, or expectations, choppy, moody, or unstable. To read more about Teamwork and family relationships, contact us to purchase the product.

 

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